Indoor tropical plants are increasing in popularity as decorative items, especially in city homes where greenery is a rare. These plants come in all shapes, sizes and colors, from different parts of the world, and can do wonders to beautify your home or office. Tropical indoor plants can also make wonderful gifts for family and friends. Their bright colored flowers and foliage are sure to add life to any living space.
A large variety of tropical plants can survive well indoors if certain steps and precautions are followed. The specific growth conditions for each plant may differ slightly. Nursery attendants or botanists can provide you with the best and most detailed information on specific plants. However, there are certain requirements in terms of soil, light, water and temperature that are common for most indoor tropical plants.
Most indoor tropical plants are green and hence require ample amount of sun light for photosynthesis to take place. Since the indoor plants usually receive light from one window, they should be rotated around at least twice a month so that the entire plant gets equal amounts of sunlight. Depending on the plant, control the amount of sunlight. Direct sunlight might be too harsh for certain plants. They might require diffused or filtered light to prevent the leaves from being scorched. If there is inadequate lighting, artificial plant lights should be set up.
Temperature and Humidity
Usually, tropical plants survive well in warm climes. However, one should mention a proper balance between the temperature, humidity, and the light conditions. Temperatures near freezing point may cause severe damage to the indoor tropical plants. When temperatures are high, these plants need ample humidity to survive the summer.
For the proper growth of indoor plants, an optimum level of humidity must be maintained. This is especially true for plants with delicate leaves, which need to be sprayed with water at least once a day. When the plants are in bloom, the petals must also be moistened to prevent them from rotting. In dry areas, humidity levels can be maintained by putting water in trays and placing these trays near heating radiators.
There are several different varieties of soil available, commonly known as mixes, which can house your indoor tropical plants. Nursery attendants are the best people who can give the right advice on what soil is best for your plants. If you have bought the plants online, do not bother changing the soil, as these plants are usually grown in the soil most suitable for their growth.
The use of proper fertilizers definitely ensures better growth of houseplants. There are 16 elements that are essential for the proper growth of plants. These include nitrogen, phosphorous, potassium, calcium, and other elements such as zinc and manganese. Hence, the right fertilizer should have a mix of all these elements in the right proportion.
Certain precautions should be followed when fertilizing indoor tropical plants. The fertilizer should not be too strong. Fertilization should be frequent, once or twice a month. Plants should not be fertilized within the first 2 months of their growth and during winters.
The amount of water provided to the plant should also be monitored as over-watering or under-watering can result in the death of the plant. The water used should be of room temperature or lukewarm. Rainwater is ideal for the healthy growth of indoor plants. Water from water softeners is not recommended for indoor tropical plants.
Popular Indoor Tropical Plants
Some of the common varieties of indoor tropical plants include the Boston Fern, Areca Palm, the English Ivy and the Spider Plant. The Dragon Plant, Ficus, Peace Lily and the Arrowhead Plant are few of the other plants that add beauty and life to your living space. Several varieties of dwarf palms also feature in the list of popular indoor tropical plants. Anthuriums, native to Hawaii, are popular because of their long lasting flowers. These plants are perfect for small flowering pots and hanging baskets.